A Break In The Southwest

Do you fancy a few days over this festive holiday period away from all the hustle and bustle of the city? A break from the slushy snow on the ground, the masses of people and Christmas shoppers? Take your family away for a winter break to get some fresh countryside air in the Southwest of the country where arguably the most beautiful scenery in the country is situated. Open green spaces, lakes, and the beautiful coastline will feed the satisfaction that your family craves to reinstate their country roots.

Finding somewhere to stay is easy as holiday cottages Devon are plentiful. It is possible to hire both very remote cottages, as well as places near towns and cities, so decide what your family will prefer. Many holiday cottages Devon offer plenty of room for cars, and plenty of extra beds if guests want to visit. It is also important to choose an area of the county that is nearby to activities to keep the family entertained.

Devon is full of all year round sporting activities that will give your family a great adrenaline boost, there are also many other beautiful tourists attractions. Dartmoor in the south of the county has a National Park, Castle Drogo, a prison museum, as well as the house of marbles which will keep the kids mesmerised for hours. Exeter is also a beautiful place to stay with lots to see, there are many architectural wonders dating back to the 14th century and an underground tour is on offer to take visitors around the secrets of the high street.

Plymouth can offer you something slightly different with activities such as clay art and many leisure facilities including an ice rink in the Plymouth Pavilions. There is also the famous Lee Mill which can provide you with any souvenirs of the area that you want to buy.

North Devon is full of beautiful rolling hills and contains a lot more traditional villages and towns so look to this area for holiday cottages in Devon that are quieter and in more secluded areas. Exmoor National park is also situated in this area which offers horse riding as well as many long enjoyable country treks through the woodland and greenery.

Indoor activities are also important as well and many holiday cottages Devon will come with an abundance of board games to get some good healthy family competition going in the evening. You will find log fires in most holiday cottages Devon to keep warm on the snowy evenings as well. Don’t hesitate and book today!

Bill Weston writes on a number of subjects including holiday cottages Devon, Devon cottages and cottages in Devon.

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Shopping in Southwest Florida

As if perpetually sunny skies and some of the world’s most beautiful beaches weren’t enough, Southwest Florida offers an abundance of shopping options for even the most discriminating buyers.  Three signature landmarks illustrate the area’s appeal.

Discerning shoppers have long heralded Fifth Avenue South as the perfect combination of a historic main street and world class shopping.  Fifth Avenue originally served Naples’ first residents, the Calusa Indians, before becoming a road in the late 1800s.  Today, the avenue spans 12 blocks and 50 buildings, including the eclectic venues of Tin City, Crayton Cove, and Bayfront shopping areas.  Sophisticated boutiques compete with colorful art galleries, sidewalk cafes and first class dining establishments.  Elegant banyan trees overhang mini-parks and walkways to provide shade to those searching for that unique gift. At night, the avenue comes alive with theater performances by the Naples players at the Sugden Community Theater and a year-round schedule of street art shows, sidewalk sales and special events.  Ample free parking is provided on the street or in a nearby lot.

The newly opened Coconut Point Town Center is considered the crown jewel for shopping in fast-growing Estero – located on the West Coast of Florida halfway between Ft. Myers and Naples.  As the focus for a 500-acre master planned community, Coconut Point is more than just a shopping center.  The property includes 90,000 square feet of office condominiums, and residential units – all flanked by acres of lakes and meandering boardwalks.  The Mediterranean architectural style compliments the 1.2 million square feet of open air retail with more than 150 stores and 15 restaurants.  Anchor tenants include Dillard’s, Barnes and Noble, Sports Authority, Tommy Bahama, and Ann Taylor, among others. Designed as a Main Street-style shopping destination, Coconut Point is the place for vacationers and residents alike to gather, shop, dine, work, and play.  A 20-screen megaplex theater lets you be the first to enjoy the latest films in sumptuous style. Fine dining is available at Ruth’s Chris Steakhouse, the Blue Water Bistro, and the Grill Room.  Those with more casual tastes can enjoy a drink and appetizer at Pagatelli’s Cucina on the patio or sample bison at Ted Turner’s Montana Grill.  The open air presentation of the restaurants allows you to enjoy your dining experience in al fresco comfort. As an added convenience, shuttles are available to pick you up and deposit you at signature destinations around the property.

Moving further North, Fort Myers is home to the Edison Mall which is recognized as the largest mall in southwest Florida.  The “L” shaped layout makes it easy to find stores, such as Dillard’s, Macy’s, the Disney Store, and other perennial favorites.  Strolling the mall’s full interior is the equivalent to walking more than a mile, providing additional appeal for those looking to exercise while they shop. More than 20 eateries and 160 specialty vendors offering everything from resort wear to other Florida favorites complete the experience. New tile floors, soft seating areas, and a sparkling, renovated fountain in air-conditioned comfort provide further appeal.  Edison Mall is located at the intersection of US 41 and Colonial Boulevard in Fort Myers.

Mark Washburn is a real estate agent serving the Greater Fort Myers area. Mark and his team can assist clients in communities throughout Southwest Florida including Fort Myers, Estero, Sanibel, Captiva, Cape Coral and Bonita Springs.

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A Look Back at the History of Horse Racing

No matter which major city from around the world it is that you will visit, you are bound to witness a horse racing event – Australia, Mauritius, New Zealand, USA, UK, Europe, the Middle Eastern countries, and a few Asian countries. This equestrian sport has been around for centuries, but how exactly did it start out?

Before delving deeper into that, let us first check on the most popular forms of this sport. One of the most typical sights that you will see in affluent communities is Thoroughbred racing. In Australia, Standardbred horses racing is more popular – just like in New Zealand. Quarter horses racing; and purebred Arabian horses racing or endurance racing are other forms of the sport.

Important Breakthroughs in the History

After learning about some of the basic facts about it, let us now check on its history as a sport. Take a look at the following important specific dates, periods and breakthroughs in this sport:

– 4500 BCE
As mentioned earlier, horses racing as a sport has existed for centuries now. It actually started during this period when horses first became domesticated animals. Back then, it was Central Asian tribesmen who trained the animals – and this was the signal for horses racing to become a sport of the privileged and leisured.

– 680 BCE
According to the roster of ancient Olympics during this period, two-horse and four-horses racing was added to the gaming events.

– 753 BCE
One of the best ways to trace back the history of a centuries-old sport like this is to consult the ancient books – and it was in the story of Romulus’ founding of Rome during this period that the mythical city-founded organized a series of horse race events. The goal was to distract Sabine men abducted the women.

– 12th Century
This is the time that the horse race that we know of today came to be. During the 12th century, a wave of battle-weary English men returned from the Crusades with Arabian horses. The endurance of these animals over the English ones is incomparable – so they were used in this sport.

– 1702-1714
Under the rule of Queen Anne, the first modern races where spectators bid on their bets started. It was in 1759 that the Jockey Club was formed.

– 1894
Just like the English’ British Jockey Club, the American Jockey Club was established in this year to set up rules for breeding racing horses.

– 1930s-1970s
In the United States, the sport of horses racing has had its ups and downs – but it was during these decades when the popularity of champion horses like Seabiscuit revived the life of the sport.

Today, horse race has become almost a national tradition – especially in the state of Louisiana. Whether you’re a true-blue horse race fan, if you’re in it to win money or if you’re simply interested with the different facets of the sport, nothing beats the feeling of knowing that you know exactly how the sport came about so that you would appreciate its origins even more.

Wanna learn more about History of Horse Racing Around the World? There are plenty of online resources that you can use to learn as much information as you can about the Treasure Island Resort and Casino and how you can increase your chances of winning should you decide to bet.

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Traveling to Music City, USA

Nashville, Tennessee, the state capital, is located in the north central part of the state, nearly equidistant from Knoxville to the east and Memphis to the west. I-65 runs north to south through the city; I-40 crosses it east to west; I-24 slices through it on the diagonal from northwest to southeast; Briley Parkway circles the north side of town; and I-440 loops around south side of the metropolitan area, connecting with all three of these interstates.

In addition, U.S. Highway 265 branches off from I-40 just west of Lebanon and swings south almost to Murfreesboro before turning back north to connect with I-40 between Fairview and Pomona. Nashville International Airport is immediately south of I-40 on the east side of town; the downtown area can easily be reached from there via the interstates.

Nashville is with justice called “Music City, U.S.A.” It is home to the thriving country music industry, the Ryman Auditorium, the Grand Ole Opry, the Country Music Hall of Fame, and a lively after-hours music scene in many lounges and saloons all over town. There are two visitor information centers, one at Fifth Avenue South and Broadway and a second at Fourth Avenue North and Commerce, where visitors can get maps, brochures, directions, and more information about things to do and see in Nashville.

A visitor with even a passing interest in country music should not miss the opportunity to investigate the Nashville music scene. The Ryman Auditorium in downtown originally was a church, and became the home of the Grand Ole Opry in 1943, when it was christened “The Mother Church of Country Music.” The Opry has since moved to the Gaylord Opryland Resort and Convention Center, but the Ryman has been reopened as a music venue. Regular concerts are held there, and tours, both self-guided and backstage, are on offer.

Also downtown, the Country Music Hall of Fame and Museum is the perfect place to immerse yourself in all the history of this distinctively American style of music.

The Gaylord Opryland Resort and Convention Center, off the Briley Parkway north of the airport, is a world unto itself, with a big hotel, stores, a spa, restaurants from pubs to steakhouses to fine dining establishments, and lounges and nightclubs, all under one roof. The resort is immediately adjacent to the Grand Ole Opry, where visitors can take in the famous country music extravaganza.

If music isn’t your main interest, Nashville has many other experiences to offer, from a zoo and aquariums to amusement parks and rides on paddle-wheelers on the river. If you’d like to sample a little Southern history, visit Belle Meade Plantation or take a tour of The Hermitage, home of Andrew Jackson. You can tour the historic battlefield of the Civil War battle of Franklin and visit the cemetery where fallen soldiers were laid to rest. A little more than an hour east of Nashville, Loretta Lynn’s Hurricane Mills has a restored Southern mansion, a camp ground and RV park, a museum, and shops. Horseback riding and fishing are popular pastimes there, as well.

For more information on Nashville, Tennessee visit http://nashvillevacations.travel.

The Poor People in USA

According to the report from United States Census Bureau, 4.360,000 poor people in USA in 2009. It means 1/7 people in USA is poor. The number breaks the record in the history in USA. And the situation will be worse next year and some people predict the number of poor people will be increased to as high as 1/5 among the whole population. Do you know what the problems result in this phenomenon?

1. The poverty line is higher than other countries

In 2009, the poverty line in USA is annual income with USD22,050 for a family with four members. If the annual income lower than USD22,050, the family will be considered to be poor people. But in fact, 46% of the poor people have private car and house and 30% own two cars. Obviously, the poverty line is much higher than other countries.

2. The effect of the economic crisis took place in 2008

The serious economic crisis took place in 2008 is another main reason to increase the number poor people. The president Obama also admit the economy in USA is still difficult. The jobless rate reaches the peak.

Do you know what the poor people’s life in USA look like? In fact, the welfare from government is too well-off to poor people.

1. Food. For the people with income lower than poverty line, they will be provided food stamp from government. It is a kind of card and government will deposit to it monthly. And people can use it to purchase bread, fruit, and meat and so on.

2. Accommodation. Government invest much money on providing low-rent housing to poor people. The cost is less than 30% of the poor families’ income. Then the people can use more than 70% of the income to purchase other daily necessities, like clothes, mobile…..

 3. Donation from charity organizations. More and more rich people in USA are willing to donate their money to poor people. And it is very helpful to the poor.

Southwest Drought Into A New Variable This Year’s Price

HC plastic mesh News: With the second half of last year show the effectiveness of monetary control gradually, in February China’s consumer price index (CPI) in the Spring Festival, driven by only 2.7%, more than 3% lower than previously expected. However, the Southwest continued drought pushed up food prices people are agricultural concerns, so that would have control of CPI has been gradually re-emergence of a new variable. Affected Financial Agencies have forecast in March CPI price will be close to the previous month. A macro-2009 Economy Data the most accurate forecast of brokerage analysts called the chief macroeconomic analyst at CITIC Securities expects Jian-Fang Zhu, March CPI will reach 2.6% Other Agency forecast price data with little difference. Focus on a control

this has been noticed Annual Spring Festival, due to festive needs, the month, there is often a more substantial price rise. As the Spring Festival in February this year my last year in January, so in February this year, prices rose significantly, reaching 2.7%. For this data, “can be said to have lower than market expectations, indicating the State had effective control on prices.” Vice president of Renmin University Liu Yuanchun said. He put forward three reasons:

First, in January, February is usually New Year effect, hikes resulted from the more serious when the base effect, the two base reference of relatively poor. Therefore, excluding use Food And fuel prices CPI?? Core CPI measure. February CPI rose 2.7%, there is 2.05% because of rising food prices caused by the core CPI is only about 0.4%, which indicates that China’s macroeconomic situation is a basic balance between supply and demand.

Secondly, Liu Yuanchun that why people think that the future inflation is high, a core reason is that last year, banks put in a lot of money. China’s M2 rose in February 25.6%, M1 rose by 34.4% in China over the past decade a high level. But we have to see China’s current monetary policy has begun to shrink substantially. From the theoretical calculation in terms of, M2 to CPI is generally the transmission cycle of a normal year for 10 months, the crisis year of an 11-month to 12 months. Passing from the normal terms, it is precisely in January, February is the high point of monetary shocks. However, in 2005, China’s currency to the inflation transmission mechanism has the revolutionary changes in the financial sector had a strong reservoir effect, greatly easing the monetary impact of adjustment on entities in the field, so February’s CPI will be low the market expected.

In addition, many people believe that the current cost-push inflationary pressures larger reason. China’s industrial producer prices in February ( PP I) 5.4%, fuel power, fixed asset price index of near 10%. However, to note that the Chinese economy is the biggest change in technology to enhance and improve the scale, so that Chinese companies significantly raise the cost of digestion, so the impact of cost shocks on prices is also reduced.

2 CPI data just released, the State Council Development Research Center, Ba Shusong, deputy director of Institute of Finance had predicted: “March CPI growth rate might drop significantly and may affect the tone of the policy.”

Focus 2 Southwest drought into a new variable

However, many researchers believe that the economic situation is becoming uncontrollable price when the drought occurred in southwest China, which became the current issue price of new variables.

Since autumn last year, including Guangxi, Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, southwest China, including history, suffered a devastating drought, millions of hectares of agricultural crops at present. Member of the CPC Central Committee Political Bureau, Vice Premier Hui Liangyu on April 1st at the State Flood Control and Drought Relief Headquarters Command chaired a State Council special meeting, the meeting emphasized that the continuing drought in southwest China, the country still in the development of drought, drought disaster reduction a difficult task; Huang and continuous low temperature in North China winter wheat region, seriously affecting spring sowing in spring tube, the situation facing agricultural production is not optimistic.

I am an expert from China Manufacturers, usually analyzes all kind of industries situation, such as best cordless telephones , cordless phone jack.

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History Of Philip Morris Company

Philip Morris, Esq., a tobacconist and importer of fine cigars founded Philip Morris in the mid 1800’s, by opening a shop on Bond Street in London (picture-attachment I). It’s first cigar was produced in 1854. Leopold Morris took over his brother’s business in 1873, when he passed. Leopold joined Joseph Grunebaum and created Philip Morris & Company and Grunebaum, Ltd. This partnership was separated two years later in 1887; the company now became Philip Morris & Co., Ltd.

In 1894 Philip Morris was for the most part controlled by William Curtis Thomason and his family, due to the company being taken over by creditors. Only six years after being taken over by creditors it was appointed tobacconist to King Edward VII. George Eckmeyer, imported and sold English-made cigarettes in the United States, since 1872, he was Philip Morris’ only agent in the U.S. He incorporated Philip Morris & Co., Ltd. in New York, in 1902. The ownership was split 50-50 between the British parent and the American partners. It sold the following brands: Philip Morris, Blues, Cambridge, Derby, and one named after the street its London factory was on, Marlborough.

Philip Morris purchased a factory in Richmond, Virginia in 1929, where it first began to manufacture its own cigarettes. Whelan’s Tobacco Products Corporation crashes shortly before the market in 1929; Rube Ellis, who calls in Leonard McKitterick and appoints him president, picks up Philip Morris. Only 3 years later Otway Hebron Chalkley was appointed president of Philip Morris and then became chairman of the company in 1945. Johnny Roventinni, was a bellhop who was discovered in 1933 in a New York Hotel and became the Philip Morris spokesperson for the next forty years.

The Axton-Fisher plant and facilities in Louisville, Kentucky was bought out by Philip Morris in 1944. An investor group headed by A.P Giannini, founder of the Bank of America, had bought the Axton-Fisher Tobacco Company in 1942. The company was unsuccessful in making their new Fleetwood cigarette a major contender to Lucky Strike, Camel, and Chesterfield, Axton-Fisher was sold to Philip Morris. Another Philip Morris plant was opened in Louisville, Kentucky in 1952. The first major affiliate outside of the U.S. was Philip Morris Ltd. (Australia).

The first company that Philip Morris acquired that was not in the tobacco industry was Milprint and Nicolet Paper Co. of Milwaukee in 1957. Combining Milprint, Inc.; Nicolette Paper Co.; and Polymer Industries, Inc. created the Industrial Products Division of Philip Morris in 1965. Their third president was also appointed in 1957, Joseph F. Cullman, III. He became chairman and CEO of Philip Morris Inc. 10 years later.

In 1964 the report by the Surgeon General on Smoking and Health was issued. The Federal Cigarette Labeling Act took effect in 1966 in the U.S. All cigarette companies were required to put a warning label on all cigarette packs.

Philip Morris Inc.; and three operating companies: Philip Morris Domestic; Philip Morris International; and Philip Morris Industrial, were created when Philip Morris decided to reorganize its corporate structure in 1967. Within one year of Philip Morris Domestic being created it changed its name to Philip Morris USA.

In 1969 fifty-three percent of The Miller Brewing Company (from W.R. Grace & Co.) based in Milwaukee, was acquired by Philip Morris. The other forty-seven percent of the Miller Brewing Company (from De Rance Foundation), was acquired by Philip Morris in 1970. Three years later the Miller Brewing Company moved from No.7 to No. 5 among U.S. brewers and it also broke record sales for that year. In 1975 Miller Brewing Company created a new lower-calorie beer category and introduced it nationally, by the end of 1975 Miller Brewing was up to No. 4, its net earnings were in the top $ 200 million. Only seven years after Miller was acquired by Philip Morris it was No. 3, among the U.S. brewers, it had once again achieved record sales for that year and it also achieved the largest annual barrelage increase in the beer industry. The company became No. 2 in the U.S. in 1977. In 1984 Milwaukee’s best beer in budget category is rolled out by Miller Brewing and in 1986 twenty-two states were introduced to Miller Genuine Draft .

In 1965 tobacco companies created an advertising code in which the company voluntarily and individually agrees not to advertise/promote cigarettes to young people and not to imply that cigarettes are healthy for you and that they are cool. Cigarette advertising was banned from television and radio all together in 1971. One year later all tobacco companies are required to put health warnings on all advertising, direct mail and point-of-sale materials.

In 1978 ninety-seven percent of the Seven-Up Company, was acquired by Philip Morris. Seven-Up became their sixth operating company. Pepsi Co. bought Seven-Up International from Philip Morris in 1986.

In 1978 George Weisman was appointed chairman and CEO of Philip Morris Inc. Also plans to construct a new 26-story corporate headquarters building in Midtown Manhattan, across from Grand Central Station, were announced. The company also posts record revenues ($ 6.6 billion) and profits ($ 409 million), for 25 consecutive years. In 1983 they reported record revenues ($ 13 billion) and earnings ($ 904 million), for the 30th consecutive year.

In 1984 Philip Morris Inc. got a new president and CEO, Hamish Maxwell.Philip Morris’ Inc. corporate framework was restructured in 1985 and Philip Morris Companies Inc., becomes the parent company of Philip Morris Inc. Philip Morris Cos. also went through the largest non-oil acquisition in U.S. history when they acquired General Foods Corp. for $ 5.6 billion. Philip Morris was the first U.S. company to line up most of the financing for an acquisition from non U.S. banks. Philip Morris’ revenues increased more than 50 percent to $ 25.4 billion, while net earnings reach $ 1.5 billion in 1986, due to the General Foods acquisition. Philip Morris once again set another record in 1988 when they acquired Kraft for $ 13.6 billion, a new record for the largest non-oil acquisition in U.S. history. As in their previous acquisition with General Foods almost all of the financing was provided by non U.S. banks.

In 1990 Kraft, Inc. and General Foods Corp. were combined to create Kraft General Foods, which was the largest Food Company in the U.S.Philip Morris Cos. revenues increased by 41 percent to nearly $ 45 billion; net earnings jumped 26 percent to nearly $ 3 billion. Fat-Free products in seven different categories were introduced by Kraft General Foods in 1990, which were more products than any other companies offered at the time. One-year later Capri Sun, Inc. was acquired by Kraft General Foods. In 1992 Jacks Frozen Pizza, Inc. was acquired by Kraft General Foods. They also acquired two Eastern Europe businesses, one of them being Hungary’s leading confectionery manufacturer, Csmege. The purchase by Kraft General Foods of RJR Nabisco (U.S. and Canadian ready-to-eat cold cereal) for $ 448 million was completed in 1993. In that same year, they also acquired the leading confectionery company in Scandinavia, for $ 1.3 billion and a leading manufacturer and marketer of confectionery in the U.K., for $ 295 million. Kraft Jacobs Suchard was formed when Kraft General Foods and Jacobs Suchard were combined. Once combined this newly created company acquired three businesses in Eastern Europe and in the former Soviet Union. Lastly, Bird’s Eye Frozen Vegetable business and Kraft General Foods U.S. ice cream business was sold.

In 1994 Philip Morris Cos. appoints its new chairman, William Murray and names Geoffrey C. Bible president and CEO. Only one year later Geoffrey C. Bible became chairman and CEO of Philip Morris Cos.

In 1995 there was a reorganization of Kraft General Foods. The reorganization created Kraft Foods Inc., which consisted of one operating company with category based divisions. Entenmann’s baked goods was one of the three businesses that Kraft decided to sell off. One year later the Taco Bell line of grocery products was sold to Kraft Foods. An Internet site for “good food and good food ideas”, was launched by Kraft Foods, it was called the Kraft Interactive Kitchen.The Jello-O gelatin brand 100th anniversary was celebrated by Kraft Foods in 1997.

In 1998 the tobacco industry reached an agreement with the state Attorneys General, this put an end to all of the nationwide Medicaid lawsuits that were filed against it. The companies agreed to pay about $ 200 billion to the 46 states over a 25 year period. They also consented to a number of marketing restrictions, one of the being taking down tobacco billboards and stopping the distribution of tobacco branded promotional items, like t-shirts and baseball caps. Part of the settlement agreement provides $ 1.5 billion to research and programs that are aimed at youth smoking prevention. Philip Morris requested that each state that is receiving part of the settlement dedicate a considerable amount the settlement to youth prevention smoking programs.Philip Morris itself has created a $ 100 million Youth Smoking Prevention program that includes television commercials. Philip Morris is also concentrating its efforts in other areas such as feeding the hungry, helping victims of domestic violence and disaster relief. Over the past four decades Philip Morris has donated over $ 500 million to charity.

In 1999 Philip Morris launched its corporate website (www.philipmorris.com). Philip Morris has been working hard to change the public perceptions the company created by its silence. In keeping

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The History of the Crystal Palace in London

Throughout history, there have been so many great building and large architectural structures that boasts not just of its build or height but also its beauty. Especially for the western countries, the Industrial revolution led to so many great inventions. Queen Victoria inaugurated the Crystal Palace in 1851, and then it became one of the symbols of success in London. Much like any other grand architectural structure that is as grand and majestic as the building, the Crystal Palace costs £150,000 or around £13.1 million ($ 21 million US dollars) by today’s inflation adjusted conversion. Here are some other interesting facts about the Crystal Palace, its beauty, grandeur and downfall.


– The Crystal Palace was intended to be the sole venue of the Great Exhibition of 1851. This exhibition gathered more than 10,000 exhibitors around the world to showcase their latest inventions.

– The Palace measured almost a million square feet and was 1,851 feet long.

– Joseph Paxton is the designer of the Crystal Palace and it was engineered by Sir William Cubitt.

– A fountain towering nearly 30 feet in height, called the Crystal Fountain was surrounded by large elm trees.

– The building is considered the first structure to hold multiple public lavatories. Visitors are to pay a penny for use of the toilet room called Retiring Rooms.

– The exhibit lasted for half a year and then was later moved to Penge Place where concerts and other social and public events were held.

– Water towers and beautiful gardens were also built to add to the beauty of the Crystal Palace.

– At one time, the Palace featured stalls and booths that made it look more downtown and not as elegant or upscale as they wanted it to be. This was the time that the Crystal Palace was having financial difficulties when it comes to upkeep and maintenance and there were no enough visitors to go the place mostly because during the hours when they were open, people were still at their work or offices.

– The building faced many difficulties but the ultimate end of the Crystal Palace was when it was taken down by a large fire. Several people, including Winston Churchill saw the fire burn down the Crystal Palace. The fire was said to have started in one of the rooms of a female staff member.


The Crystal Palace left a very memorable and truly majestic history that people remember up until now. There had been other proposals on how to rebuild the structure but the insurance did not cover for the full reconstruction costs. Modern proposals include incorporating a hotel, a regional sports center or other leisure and entertainment hubs and structures.


The world’s love for everything big and grandeur never seems to fade. People will continue to create mind-boggling structures that will be bigger and better than the ones before it. The latest technology allows for these creations to be made faster, better, and stronger. Whether for power, fame or fortune, more and more structures will be built around the world to show that the world is indeed getting better and better in terms of technology and living standards.

Criss White is a writer for Bridal and Wedding Favors and writes about travel and wedding topics. To view some crystal favors, or to look at some wedding coasters, visit Bridal and Wedding Favors.

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The History of The First Christmas Ornaments

Most of us can’t imagine the celebration of Christmas and the New Year without an evergreen Christmas tree and colorful Christmas ornaments. When were the first Christmas ornaments made and where did show up first?

According to history, the first Christmas tree was decorated at Riga city in Latvia, in 1510. First Christmas decorations were candles, colorful paper flowers, real apples, wafers and some other food.

One of the legends says the German glass-blower Hans Greiner who lived near Lauscha in Germany in the 16th century, made the first glass Christmas ornaments for his children. His nice idea was taken by other glass-blowers from Lauscha a bit later. However, some researchers are convinced that the first glass ornaments were really blown in Lauscha in 1847. Anyway, Germany became the motherland of glass Christmas ornaments. And Lauscha became the large centre of manufacturing glass ornaments up to the 1890s. Germans also began to make homemade Christmas ornaments in the 17th century. The materials used to make them include, empty eggshells, nutshells painted gold, colored paper and some other natural materials.

Germany and Eastern Europe had been manufacturing Christmas decorations for small parties for sale since the middle of the 17th century. There were silver wire ornaments, small glass beads, Christmas tree candles and tinsel.

German immigrants brought the tradition of decorating an evergreen Christmas tree with different Christmas ornaments in Northern America in the second part of the 18th century. However, USA only began manufacturing glass Christmas decorations in the late 1930s. The founder of the glass ornament production in United States was Max Eckhardt.

Russia was one of first European countries where they began to produce Christmas decorations. First Russian glass Christmas ornaments were produced by glass-blowers of Russian Prince Menshikov, in his estate, near the town of Klin, Russia in the first part of the 19th century. His glass-blown factory produced glass beads and glass Christmas balls. Menshikov’s ornaments were never made in large amounts and were mainly bought for the Russian Imperial Court.

Christmas ornaments and Christmas tree first came to British Isles with Queen Charlotte, wife of George III. However, the tradition spread more in the middle of 19th century. Christmas decorations began manufacture in England in 19th century, but most of glass Christmas ones were imported into British from Germany still.

Manufacturing Christmas decorations on a mass scale began in 90s of the 19th century. And Germany was a leader of manufacturing glass ornaments up to the 1914. German factories exported their glass, cotton and pressed cardboard Christmas decorations to France, USA, England, Russia and other Christian countries of the world. Earliest glass ornaments were simple shapes; glass balls and glass beads. But some time later glass-blow masters began blowing different shapes of glass ornaments, vegetables, fruits, animals, birds, people figures and etc. World War 1st destroyed the German world leadership of the ornaments’ manufacturing.

The Czech Republic had launched its own production of glass ornaments in 1920s. Czech’s Christmas decorations had been exporting in USA very well.

Japan also caught the idea in 1920s. Japanese Christmas ornaments were very cheap, but not so nice like German ones.

R and T Treasures

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Alfa Romeo Car Show & Vehicle History

One of the all time European classic cars is the Alfa Romeo. This Italian made car has a long and rich history. Darracq Italiana is where the story begins. This company, founded in 1907 by an Italian businessman from Milan, Cavaliere Ugo Stella, teamed up with the French car company belonging to Alexandre Darracq. The first few cars were produced in Naples but soon after the partnership collapsed and Ugo Stella moved the company to a small neighborhood in Milan; and the new company was now called ALFA. The acronym ALFA stands for anonima Lombarda Fabbrica Automobili (meaning Lombard Automobile Factory).

The first non Darracq cars were produced in 1920s and had an impressive 24 HP. The designer, Giuseppe Merosi, would later go on and design new ALFA cars with more powerful engines and a stylish exterior. It is from these humble beginnings that we have today’s Alfa Romeo. In 1911, ALFA ventured into the business of car racing and the rest is history.

Over the years, Alfa Romeo established itself as a racing car, winning numerous driving competitions all over Europe. Besides winning the Le Mans many times, the car has also recorded victories at the formulae one World championship.

In the 60s, Alfa Romeo became part of European culture. It was a popular car to have such as the 2600 sprint GT.

Throughout this time period, engineers at ALFA started to modify and redesign the engines. The GTA was a powerful two engine car to come out during this re-engineering process and won several prestigious car races in Europe.

From the 1930s up to the 70s, Alfa Romeo went through myriad difficulties. Two successive World Wars and the financial gloom of the 70s led to dire financial difficulties. In 1986, FIAT took over ALFA and created a new group known as Alfa Lancia Spa.

In the 90s, Alfa Romeo started to produce cars in other parts of Italy. Among the new cars of the 90s were the new spider and GTV. Both cars are no longer produced and are considered vintage.

In 1995, Alfa Romeo discontinued exporting its cars to the USA chiefly due to competition from American cars. In 2007, this decision was reversed and Alfa started exporting cars back to America. Last years, the 8C Competizone made its debut in the USA. Alfa is now thinking of adding the Brera and Spider to the American market. Today, Alfa Romeos are only sold via Maserati dealers in the USA. There are presently discussions with the Italian giants and Chrysler to utilize the closed factories to make some models of Alfa Romeo in the USA.

At the moment, the global downturn in the economy has put a hold on the full return of the new generation of Alfa cars to the USA.

With a solid history of success and innovation, ALFA Romeo is bound to go back to the top. With superb style, speed, power and the color red, what else can one want from AR?

Learn more about Alfa Romeo at http://www.eurorennen.com and sign up for the Alfa Romeo Car Show.