History of York

While York’s history began during the first millennium AD, evidence suggests that Mesolithic people first occupied the area as far back as 8000 to 7000 BC. However, it is unclear whether York’s first inhabitants lived in permanent or temporary settlements.

Reference to York was first found during Roman times, when Romans conquered Britain and the town was called by its Celtic name, Eboracum and Eburacum. The Romans called the towns’ inhabitants the Brigantes and the Parisii. The Brigantes eventually aligned themselves with Rome but, later, their alliance would be marked by hostility. For this reason, Rome’s Ninth Legion would be dispatched to the area.

In 71 AD, York was founded when Rome’s Ninth Legion built a military fortress in the area overlooking the River Ouse. The fortress, later to be rebuilt in stone, spanned over 50 acres and was manned by some 6,000 soldiers. Today, remains of the fortress are believed to be underneath York Minster as excavations near the Minster have unearthed the fortress’ original walls.

The Sixth Legion replaced the Ninth Legion in York sometime around 109 AD and 122 AD. They would remain in the area until Roman occupation ended around 400 AD.

During its heyday under Roman rule, York was alternately occupied by Roman emperors Hadrian, Septimius Severus and Constantius I during their respective campaigns. Severus elevated York as the capital of the Britannia Interior province and, historians say, granted York all the privileges of a city. Meanwhile, after Constantinius I died in York, his son, Constantine the Great was named the new emperor at York’s fortress.

The presence of Rome’s military in York was also a great boost to the town’s economy as various workshops were established to meet the needs of the troops stationed at the fortress. These workshops produced a wide array of products, including metalwork, leatherwork, glasswork, military equipment, military tile kilns and even pottery.

The opportunities for trade which the Roman military offered spurred the establishment of a permanent civilian settlement across the fortress on the River Ouse. This settlement would become a full-fledged colony by 237 AD, one of only four in Britain. York itself had attained self-governance by this time, run by merchants, rich locals and veteran soldiers who formed the city council.

After the Romans left Britain in 410 AD, there is little evidence about York until the fifth and sixth centuries except for reports of a settlement and private Roman houses and suburban villas in the area. York was listed as Caer Ebrauc in the roster of 28 Sub-Roman British towns identified by Nennius, which may indicate that York had become the capital of a British kingdom, Ebrauc.

Germany’s Anglians and Denmark’s Jutes would appear in York during the 5th or 6th century, as evidenced by their cemeteries that were excavated in York’s vicinity. However, it is not clear whether they settled in York during that time.

When the Saxons settled at the North of England, they named York as the first capital of Deira and, later, of the unified Deira and Bernicia kingdom, also known as Northumbria. York would become a cherished royal centre of Northumbrian kings by the 7th century. At that time, Paulinius of York, later to become St. Paulinius, established his wooden church at York, which would serve as the precursor of the York Minster. This church was where King Edwin of Northumbria would be baptized.

The next centuries would see York continue in its premiere role as a centre of royal and ecclesiastical affairs. It would eventually become the seat of a bishop and, beginning in 735, of an archbishop. The great church of the Alma Sophia or holy wisdom was also built at York during this time. York would also evolve into a seat of learning during the Northumbrian’s reign, which saw the construction of a library and religious school. Among the most prominent products of this school was Alcuin, who would later become the adviser of Charlemagne.

In 866, a huge army of Vikings from Denmark, known as the Great Heathen Army, would conquer York, setting up permanent settlements throughout the countryside. York was then called the Viking kingdom of Jorvik and was ruled by a series of Viking kings for nearly a century. Eric Bloodaxe was the last Viking king to rule Jorvik until he was expelled in 954.

The year 1066 saw the Norman Conquest of York, led by William the Conqueror, and the construction of two castles on both sides of the River Ouse. York recovered quickly from this period of destruction to become a major urban centre and, during the 13th and 14th centuries, as an alternative seat of the royal government.

 

 

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Fashion Week History

Fashion Week New York, an annual Fall event, is a traditional gathering that dates back to World War II.

Fashion Week, once called Press Week, first took place in New York City in 1943. With Fashion Week typically taking place in Paris France and due to the war, fashion insiders were unable to travel into the country and see the latest and greatest in trends. This is when Eleanor Lambert stepped up and organized a fashion week within the United States and with that put American fashion into the spotlight.  Her idea of Fashion Week in America continued and was held in different locations such as hotels or lofts. In 1994, the event moved to Bryant Park, behind the New York Public Library, where it remained until this year. As of next year, it will again be relocated to the Lincoln Center.

Around the world there are four major fashion weeks. They take place in the same order each year so that fashion devotees can attend each of them, if they wish. The “Big Four” are located in New York, London, Milan and Paris. The event is held twice a year, one in Fall/Winter (February) and the other in Spring/Summer (September).  Each event lasts one week and allows fashion designers, brands and ‘houses’ to display their latest collections. These collections are shown off through runway shows and allows buyers to get an inside glance at the latest trends.

Fashion shows of course occurred in America before Lambert’s Fashion Week in New York City. Large department stores were hosting fashion events for middle-class American women, featuring the latest styles being sold in their stores. Sometimes these events were called ‘fashion parades.’ The parades had a theme and was accompanied by a commentator.

Today, attending an event like New York Fashion week can only be done if you are invited. Invitations are often limited to buyers, fashion magazine editors, fashion magazine journalists, models, celebrities and such.

But not to worry, Fashion Week and technology have joined together and now Fashion Week is being shown via satellite and through the Internet. This expansion in technology has saved designers thousands of dollars in travel costs. In addition, with an Internet presence, some designers are marketing their work exclusively online. Applications for iPhones have even been created to help showcase designs and Fashion Week.

Designers who are selling exclusively online include Normal Kamali and the Polo Ralph Lauren Rubgy brand. Because of the technological changes, in 2009 runway models could be seen carrying mini notebooks rather than handbags.

Another trend seen during fall 2009 Fashion Week was that items were designed and shown for both fall and spring. An example was a bold colored dress that could be worn over a turtleneck in the winter and as a stand alone in the spring. There were also convertible blazers by Vera Wang and Karen Walker.

What will Fashion Week of 2011 demonstrate? With the recession and technology combined, it is hard to tell.

Sheila Harris is the general manager of Cotton Island a womens fashion boutique. Cotton Island always carries the newest and freshest styles that won’t break your pocketbook. The womens boutique can be found at http://www.cottonisland.com.

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History of Swansea

The city of Swansea, located at the South of Wales, has rich and fascinating history. The most notable fact about the city’s history is that it has constantly attracted people from other nations for over a thousand years, both as conquering invaders or as immigrants. The areas surrounding Swansea are renowned for bearing evidence of early man dating back to thousands of years, way before the start of the city’s recorded history.

Swansea was a small and simple town during the medieval period.  It first gained prominence during the eighteenth century when local dignitaries implemented a county-wide program to convert Swansea into a tourist resort.

The arrival of the Industrial Revolution brought greater prominence to Swansea and the area’s population increased dramatically from 1801 to 1851. During the nineteenth century, the Industrial Revolution changed much of Swansea’s appearance and geography. Meanwhile, the dawn of the twentieth century brought a period of decline to Swansea. In 1969, Swansea was officially declared as a city.

The Pre-Industrial Period
The Gower Peninsula is characterized by several ancient remains. One famous example is the set of human bones that were excavated recently, dating back to 22,000 B.C. These remains are called the Red Lady of the Paviland. Other remains include the burial mound at Cillibion, which dates back to the Bronze Age.

The whole region became part of the Welsh kingdom of Deheubarth under Maredudd ap Owain during the late tenth century. Swansea Bay also became home to the Vikings, who arrived around the ninth century.

The Medieval Period
The entire Gower Peninsula came under lordship during the wake of the Norman Conquest. At that time, the site of the town of Swansea was designated as the area’s capital. During the new lordship, the English immigrated to the area in great numbers, encouraged by the Norman lords.

In 1106, a castle made of turf and timber was built in Swansea. It was conquered by the Welsh a decade later. It would not be the last time that the castle would be assailed.

The Period of Industrialisation

Swansea became a port for coal exports around 1550, when the South Wales Coalfield gained access to the region. Aside from coal, limestone was also quarried in Swansea and was in great demand as fertilizers. Although Swansea is small, it became a very significant port, thanks to the prominence it gained as one of the earliest places to be granted a town charter in Wales. Migrants from the Welsh countryside poured in to Swansea during this period of industrialization.

Majority of Swansea’s population chose to settle around the Swansea castle and the river. Even during the eighteenth century, Swansea Bay was widely regarded as an attractive place to live and conduct business. The town’s effort to promote itself as a tourist resort succeeded marvellously.  However, tourism was put on hold during much of this time because of the emphasis towards industrialization.

Eventually, Swansea became a centre for mining copper. The Industrial Revolution saw the opening of mines along the Tawe river. Swansea earned the name “Copperpolis” during that time.

Mumbles Railway
The creation of the Mumbles Railway was another watershed moment in Swansea’s history. It started out as an industrial tramway during the first part of the 1800s and was converted into a full-fledged railway during the 1860s. The Mumbles Railway became the locals’ regular mode of transportation.

Outbreak of Diseases
 During the 1850s, a new dock was created in Tawe to enable boats to dock without being harmed during low tide. However, construction affected the quality of water and an outbreak of cholera soon followed, severely affecting the health of residents.

Aside from cholera, Yellow Fever caused many deaths in Swansea in 1865. The epidemic was a result of the unloading of copper ore from Cuba in September that year, a period when the weather was too humid. The cargo came with mosquitoes infected with the disease, which soon spread and caused the death of 15 people

Decline in Industrial Growth and Attempts at Reclamation
The closure of the Mumbles Railway in 1960 occurred at the same time as a steep decline in the area’s industrial growth. The land became polluted because of waste coming from the remnants of the abandoned metal industry.

Pollution was so severe that some people considered the place unliveable and left Swansea. As a result, the locals launched an initiative to reclaim the land and use it to prop up the city’s limping economy. In a short span of time, such developments as the Enterprise Zones in Llansamlet and Parc Tawe on the old North Dock soon propelled Swansea back to its former glory.

 

 

 

 

 

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History of Southampton

Evidence indicates that there were settlements in the Southampton area during the Stone Age, but it was the Romans who established the first permanent settlement, Clausentum. As a trading port for two large Roman towns, Winchester and Salisbury, Clausentum acquired some importance during that time.

During their time, the Anglo-Saxons retained the use of Clausentum as a port but moved the town centre to its present location. Eventually, the settlement would change its name to Hamwic, then to Hamtum, and eventually to Hampton.

As Hampton, it was believed to have been the site of the Viking King Canute the Great’s epic victory over Ethelred the Unready, the Anglo-Saxon king, in 1014. Canute the Great was eventually crowned as the King of England in Hampton. By the time the King Canute’s fabled attempt to command the tide to halt took place, the settlement was already referred to as Southampton.

With the Norman Conquest in 1066, Southampton became a major transit port between the then-capital of England, Winchester, and Normany, and its prosperity was assured. The town would rise to even great prosperity in the 13th century when it became a leading port for the wool trade. In 1417, Southampton became the venue of the Wool House, a wool storage facility used for trade with Flanders and Italy. The Wool House building, now known as the Maritime Museum, still stands today.

With the dawn of the Middle Ages, Southampton’s focused shifted to shipbuilding, which would become a vital industry for next succeeding centuries.

In 1338, the French raided Southampton and left devastation in their wake. Soon after, the city built its fortified walls and installed other defences that would make it the strongest fortress in all of England.

The construction of Southampton’s defensive wall is a story in itself. While the town was short on finances for the construction of the wall, the town’s citizens reached a compromise solution. To build the wall, the townsfolk used the exterior walls of merchant houses to form part of the defensive wall, thereby saving on costs. One such merchant wall was God’s House Tower, which was England’s first purpose-built artillery fortification. God’s House Tower still stands today as the Museum of Archaeology.

During 1415, while King Henry V was preparing to leave Southampton for the Battle of Agincourt, authorities uncovered the so-called “Southampton Plot.” The ringleaders were captured at the Red Lion pub on High Street, right within Southampton’s walls. These included Richard, Earl of Cambridge; Henry Scrope, 3rd Baron Scrope of Masham; and Sir Thomas Grey of Heton. All of them were found guilty of high treason and summarily executed.

In 1623, the Mayflower departed from Southampton port carrying the Pilgrim Fathers of America. Up to that point, Southampton was the last port of call for millions of emigrants who said goodbye to the Old World to start anew in the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and elsewhere.
 
The succeeding years saw the emergence of Southampton as a popular spa town and, during the second half of the 18th century, people from all over would flock to the town to enjoy its mineral springs and bathing in the sea.

Unfortunately, the town came upon hard times during the 20th century, particularly during World War II. German bombers demolished over 600 buildings, turning them to rubble. In 1944, over three million troops and citizens departed from the Southampton docks to participate in the D-Day landings.

Southampton is also remembered as the place which launched most of the luxury liners of the time, including the Titanic, then widely regarded as a marvel and as the ship that would never sink. However, sink it did, in such a devastation manner that is has been forever immortalized by Hollywood film makers. What has gone largely unlamented is the horrible effects that this event had on the citizens of Southampton. In one school alone, as many as 140 children lost a parent, sibling or cousin when the Titanic went down.

There are now a number of memorials and museum exhibitions all across Southampton that commemorates the Titanic and its crew. A stunning 546 Southampton residents perished on the Titanic.

On the bright side, Southampton is still a vital port for ocean liners to this day, including luxury ships like the RMS QE2, the MV Oriana and the Queen Mary 2.

Southampton’s emergence as England’s single most important port has been a significant achievement that continues well into the 21st century.

 

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Moncler’s history

Moncler has a long history, it has been established and its products are well welcomed by many people over the world. Under no circumstances, however, people often use the time to stop recording technology, and the last to stay out of the track and the actual type of the value of the home. Moncler if it is a label, so the result is the highest mountain top, you heat the entire fashion metropolis on the road. Monclerjacketsweb.com offers a way to heat and maintain the sleek lines around together!

Moncler’s history dates back to 1952 when they began to produce a technical mountain sports gear. They say his first down jacket was born when Moncler factory workers turned them into his own conduct during the colder months. The original creator of the pre-filled jacket, Moncler has a stylish skiwear their raison DETR since 1952. Familiar Moncler jackets sale store.To follow the trend is the current trend. Just one name springs into one’s mind and that is the name of moncler men’s coats fashion suppliers in terms of taste. Today, nobody wishes to be the odd one from the crowd. One is able to be the focus of the town with trendy apparel and garnishes. Moncler women’s coats are well-known nearly everywhere. The high quality they offer in their jackets and goods is matchless and has been reliable from years. They supply men with the greatest leather and fur jackets.

 It gives you enjoyment to know that the thing upon which you have spent your money was it and this is the case as you get an Ed hardy clothing jacket as it is worth the cost. Fall is fast approaching and a good wardrobe full of coats and jackets is a must for keeping warm and protecting. Moncler jackets outlet from harsh weather conditions this season. Different coats and jackets have different designs and functions, so are sure to pick one that moncler ebay shows individual style and can be used for utility. Whether you need to dress for the office, a night out on the town or just an everyday jacket, there is a perfect option for every occasion. A mens leather jackets is a conservative look that is both stylish and functional. Not only is it insulated with cotton and polyester, but most come in neutral colors that can be used with different outfits. Although these coats are more expensive than the bomber jackets and windbreakers, they are a good investment since you can keep them for years. A kid’s clothes trench coat that hits the knees is perfect for covering suits, while trenches made of twill are great for casual looks.

Moncler down jackets are great option for everyday wear. Bomber jackets are usually made of leather and suede, with a fleece or polyester lining for insulation. Many of them also water repellent and include pockets to keep your hands warm and store personal items. If weather is your main concern, moncler women’s vests are an ideal choice. Windbreakers are thin lightweight outerwear jackets that are meant for resisting wind and rain. These moncler men’s coats are thinner than bomber jackets, but come equipped with adjustable hoods and fitted waistbands and cuffs. A winter wardrobe for a man seems incomplete without a coat.In combination with the round style snap collar, it gives the moncler jacken a futuristic appearance. Lightweight jackets provide comfort and warmth in chilly weather and also make fashion statements. There are those that resemble a classic style of jacket for riding and those that have a bomber jacket design.

 Fashion changes every season but introducing something odd will be considered a fashion faux and nothing more. Therefore, be careful of the type of fashion that you adopt and buy a Moncler women jacket since it has improved variety and this is proved by the popularity that it has gained. These jackets are something out of the ordinary and when you find a jacket that fits you and your style, you will be warm in the freezing winter all the while, looking stylish as well.

Fashion Moncler  changes every season but introducing something odd will be considered a fashion Moncler outlet faux and nothing more. Moncler jackets since it has improved variety and this is proved by the popularity that it has gained.

History Of Twitter

Twitter came onto the internet marketing scene in 2007 primarily. With its never before seen unique spin on advertising and keeping in touch with friends, it has become a popular tool to use. Most people who use twitter are using it daily, several times a day in fact. The basic structure of Twitter is in the term, micro-blogging. Micro-blogging is a form of multimedia blogging that allows users to send brief text updates or micro-media such as photos or audio clips and videos. Twitter is a site with one specific question, “What are you doing?”, users tend to answer this question in hundreds of thousands of ways and send a 140 character long message out to all the people who follow their tweets. Its that simple, you just share messages, read others, and send yours.

Twitter was founded in March 2006 by Jack Dorsey, Evan Williams, and Biz Stone. The real history surrounding the way Twitter was developed is more so due to Jack Dorsey and his career path through the years. Jack worked as a software developer, developing software for courier services and took notice to how, as the different businesses used the software and the main office could keep track of their various delivery or service vehicles, essentially, the employees were just reporting back what they were doing at that time. Nevertheless, it kept the dispatch office in constant contact with the drivers, which is a big deal as far as efficiency is concerned. Basically, what Twitter has become is a mixture of 3 different things.

Jack’s Dispatch Software
Instant Messaging
Text messaging

With the coupling of these three elements of real time messages being sent, many things are possible. News tends to spread like wildfire on Twitter, friends are able to spawn a get-together in seconds, and marketers are able to instantly share their new ideas or ventures with every single one of their potential or current customers. To many this does not show value and at times Twitter comes under a bit of criticism. Truthfully, Twitter is a very useful tool, provided that you have contacts which either care what you have to say or can benefit from receiving information from you. For marketers, the service is generally used to broadcast URL’s to their various pages, products, and services which can be a tedious task.

Many people have since developed different applications meant to manage the features of Twitter and automate the process which aids in managing one’s time spent tweeting. These applications can be used for many different tasks on Twitter usually called “grunt work” if you are a marketer. Some features you will need are, unlimited account creation, management of all your accounts with the click of a button, auto-follow by targeted keywords/username/own followers, auto-unfollow of those who do not choose to follow you, auto-tweets through multiple accounts, direct messages to all followers, automatic reporting of Twitter trends to you per category, and some can even let you operate your Twitter accounts anonymously through a proxy IP address. Sadly though, most Twitter applications and management tools cannot do all of the above and very few can deliver an all in one solution to all your Twitter needs.

If your aim is set on driving traffic to your website using Twitter, the only program capable of all the above tasks, that I know of, is Smash Tweet. Try it out today! Julie Kerr can help you make $ 500 to $ 5000 per month from home. Twitter is a great opportunity for anybody who wants that sorely needed second income. Julie Kerr’s Twitter Marketing Software can help you bring enough traffic to your website and generate laser targeted leads. Check out Smash Tweet – Ultimate Twitter Marketing Software.

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History of Phoenix

Phoenix is the capital and the largest city of the US state of Arizona, as well as the most populated city of in the US. However, it isn’t a new city. This city was also known as the valley of sun and it first became populated some 1200 years ago. Since then, it has faced many things, like drought, dissertation, wars and it was even captured by the military several times. In other word this city has quite an extensive and interesting history. This article will tell a brief history of the city of Phoenix, that is how it came in to beings, what happened across the years, and how it became the most populous, largest and capital city of US state of Arizona.

The people who came to this land and settled here were Native American, known as Hohokam Indians. They were farmers and irrigated the land to grow crops. They dug out roughly 135 miles (217 km) of irrigation canals, making the desert land arable. Even today the canals that are made in this city are made on the same places and ways the Native’s made at their time. However, the land was abandoned by these peoples between 1300 and 1450. It is believed that the cause was the long drought. However, the land was totally abandoned except for a wandering mountain man or an occasional traveler. Moreover, before the 1860s the place remained depopulated and nobody tried to settle here.

The history of phoenix as a city began with Jack Swilling, an American civil war veteran who came to west to seek wealth. It was in 1857 that he set foot in this valley and saw its potential, that if there was a proper supply of water in the city, it would bloom. Hence he Swilling developed several irrigation canals which largely followed the ancient ruins and channel ways left by the Hohokam; his plan worked and soon a thriving settlement was formed with Swilling acting as general postmaster and leader of the small community. The community would have remained isolated but for the fact that in 1881 or so, a rail road track was laid down near the city, hence, city became a stop for the people and many people especially worker came to the city and the city started to grow and develop, its economy revolutionized and by the end of 1881 it has passed its original size as that in the time of the Native’s.

In 1902, thanks to Theodore Roosevelt, dams started to be built in the city, first dam was completed in 1911 and several lakes were formed in the surrounding mountain range. On February 14th, 1912, it became the capital of Arizona and soon outgrew the other cities in the state. In 1913, it adopted a new government of council mayor, making it one of the first cities in US of this type of City government. During World War II, Phoenix’s economy shifted to that of a distribution center, rapidly turning into an embryonic industrial city with mass production of military supplies. However, in 1942 riots broke out between the white people and white people. Since then there had be few riots and skirmishes, but the city continued to grow economically and population wise and today is one of the most advanced city of US.

Visit Phoenix Airport Transportation, Cabs Phoenix

History of Phoenix

Phoenix is the capital and the largest city of the US state of Arizona, as well as the most populated city of in the US. However, it isn’t a new city. This city was also known as the valley of sun and it first became populated some 1200 years ago. Since then, it has faced many things, like drought, dissertation, wars and it was even captured by the military several times. In other word this city has quite an extensive and interesting history. This article will tell a brief history of the city of Phoenix, that is how it came in to beings, what happened across the years, and how it became the most populous, largest and capital city of US state of Arizona.

The people who came to this land and settled here were Native American, known as Hohokam Indians. They were farmers and irrigated the land to grow crops. They dug out roughly 135 miles (217 km) of irrigation canals, making the desert land arable. Even today the canals that are made in this city are made on the same places and ways the Native’s made at their time. However, the land was abandoned by these peoples between 1300 and 1450. It is believed that the cause was the long drought. However, the land was totally abandoned except for a wandering mountain man or an occasional traveler. Moreover, before the 1860s the place remained depopulated and nobody tried to settle here.

The history of phoenix as a city began with Jack Swilling, an American civil war veteran who came to west to seek wealth. It was in 1857 that he set foot in this valley and saw its potential, that if there was a proper supply of water in the city, it would bloom. Hence he Swilling developed several irrigation canals which largely followed the ancient ruins and channel ways left by the Hohokam; his plan worked and soon a thriving settlement was formed with Swilling acting as general postmaster and leader of the small community. The community would have remained isolated but for the fact that in 1881 or so, a rail road track was laid down near the city, hence, city became a stop for the people and many people especially worker came to the city and the city started to grow and develop, its economy revolutionized and by the end of 1881 it has passed its original size as that in the time of the Native’s.

In 1902, thanks to Theodore Roosevelt, dams started to be built in the city, first dam was completed in 1911 and several lakes were formed in the surrounding mountain range. On February 14th, 1912, it became the capital of Arizona and soon outgrew the other cities in the state. In 1913, it adopted a new government of council mayor, making it one of the first cities in US of this type of City government. During World War II, Phoenix’s economy shifted to that of a distribution center, rapidly turning into an embryonic industrial city with mass production of military supplies. However, in 1942 riots broke out between the white people and white people. Since then there had be few riots and skirmishes, but the city continued to grow economically and population wise and today is one of the most advanced city of US.

Visit Phoenix Airport Transportation, Cabs Phoenix

History Of Locksmith

A locksmith is a term for an individual who specializes in creating and breaking into locks. Locksmiths in Portland provide an important and needed service to the communities they are a part of by being responsible for the safekeeping of everything from cars to homes to safes. Another name for a locksmith is a security engineer.

The profession of locksmith have gained momentum during the Middle Ages as a sub-category of blacksmithing, though the oldest discovered lock was created 4,000 years before in Egypt. This was the time they began crafting the traditional lock and key form of securing valuables, and as the technology developed the vocation of locksmith did as well.

A locksmith’s primary job is to create and design locks. A lock is a device that is affixed to various items to keep their contents secure from unauthorized persons. Items that will often be locked include cabinets, doors, computers, cars and buildings. The lock will only allow access of contents when opened with a key. In the modern world, a key can range from the traditional utensil to an access card to a numeric combination to a biologically sensitive scan. This is why locksmiths are considered security engineers, as they design means of protecting information and goods.

Since then, the design of locks has advanced and incorporated new materials, such as steel, plastic, and other synthetic materials. It has also grown to include a wide range of electric and computer-based technology. Modern locksmiths have kept pace with a range of techniques and now include key card, key fob, and biometric access in their portfolio of available products.

A secondary job of a locksmith is to be able to break into locks. People commonly employ locksmiths to help them if they have lost their key or have locked their key inside the locked item. While this serves a very practical purpose most of the time, it has brought the locksmith profession into controversy on several occasions for the potential abuse of power.

To become a locksmith you should not only be able to complete the technical side of the work by actually cutting the keys but you should have good customer service skills as you will be dealing with the customer directly a lot of the time.

The locksmith will create her or his own fee rates and must inform potential cliental of their service charge. Locksmiths must also have the appropriate hardware that is necessary to duplicate keys. This type of hardware is not transportable and remains within the locksmiths office with an inventory of blank keys. Although it sounds like a fairly easy operation, the locksmith must ensure a precise fit so that the model key is functional. The responsibility of an independent locksmith includes the knowledge of organizational management.

Modern locksmiths work in a variety of specialized niches, from running shops dedicated to the trade to operating out of a vehicle to working for governments to working only with safes. Many have established themselves as security consultants who specialize in helping individuals or companies protect their assets.

Author is a locksmith in Portland; if you are looking for a Portland car locksmith you can find one of the best providers at portland-locksmithservice.com.

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History of Diwali

India is the ‘land of festivals’. Here all festivals has its own significance behind the celebration. And Diwali, ‘the festival of lights’ is a national festival celebrated with lots of zeal and enthusiasm. Whole India participates candidly in this Festival though the way of celebrating Diwali differs statewise according to the culture and traditions of that particular state. People of all age groups participate in this festival with gaiety and fervor. Diwali is the celebration of illuminating one’s own soul with the light of hope and positive energy. Lighting earthen lamps, the main traditional ritual of Diwali, signifies the victory of good over the evil within oneself.

The history of Diwali is originated from various Hindu religious scriptures, mainly the Puranas. Like in many parts of Nepal and India, the myth behind the celebration of Diwali is the victory of Rama over Ravana and then the return of Rama in Ayodhya with Lakshman and Sita after their 14 year exile in forest. Legend says, the people of Ayodhya greeted Rama by lighting rows of lamps. Thus it was named as Deepavali, deep (lamp) avali (rows).

Tracing back to the history of ancient India, Diwali was celebrated as the main harvest festival. But later it is being celebrated following the Hindu treatise. As per the Hindu almanac or Panjika, Diwali is celebrated on Amavasya, the 15th day of the dark fortnight of the Hindu month of Ashwin, i.e. October or November every year. But the main Diwali festival is a five day long ritual commences with Dhanwantari Triodasi or Dhan Theras. Second day of Diwali is referred as Aswayuja Bahula Chaturdasi or Naraka Chaturdasi. Third day is Amavasya or the main Diwali. Worship of Lakshmi, the Goddess of wealth, is performed as according to the Hindu mythology Lakshmi was incarnated on this day, the new moon day of the Kartik month. Fourth day is known as Kartika Shudda Padyami or Bali Padyami. It is believed that Bali would come out on this day from Pathala Loka to rule Bhuloka as such a boon was given by Lord Vishnu. The fifth or last day of Diwali is known as Yama Dvitiya or Bhai Dooj or Bhratri Dooj. This day is marked for the celebration of sister-brother relationship. On this day brothers are invited to their sister’s home. Sisters put tilak on their brothers’ forehead and pray for a long life for their dear brothers. In return, brothers adore their loving sisters with gifts.

These five days of Diwali hold five different significant myths or stories with them. Like, first day or Naraka Chaturdashi is the 14th lunar day or ‘thithi’ of the dark forthnight of the month of Kartik. It tells a story of Narkasur and Lord Krishna. Krishna, the 8th incarnation of Lord Vishnu, killed the demon Narakasura with the help of Satyabhama, wife of Krishna. Narakasura was creating havoc among the people of the three worlds. He was powered by a boon that only his mother could kill him. So Krishna reincarnated his wife Satyabhama as mother of Narakasura and made her the charioteer of Krishna. Ultimately in a fight between krishna and Narakasura, the evil Demon was killed by her mother and peace was restored on the earth. This story carries a significant moral lesson that a mother can also kill her evil son.

Thousands of myths, legends, stories, traditions, rituals but nationwide celebration. Diwali is in true sense the festival of unity in diversity. It brings people together in spite of religious, cultural, social or geographical barriers. The way of celebrating Diwali has been changed over the period of time. Now Diwali is associated with exchange of gifts and cards. And not only in India, now Diwali is also celebrated all over the world. People residing outside India find this festival a special occasion to get connected with their homeland, their family and friends, if not physically but emotionally. This is the occasion when they can convey their warm wishes and love by sending gifts to India. So send Diwali Gifts to your near and dear ones staying in different cities in India.

About the Author:

The author writes for Giftstoindia24x7.com which specializes in delivering Diwali gifts to India. The site aims to connect the global NRI by enabling them to send gifts to India on different occasions.